Wheat Export from India

Wheat Export from India: A Guide to Indian Wheat Varieties

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Are you interested in the global wheat market and wondering what India has to offer? Look no further! In this blog post, we will take a deep dive into Indian wheat varieties and their potential for export. From the high-yielding Sharbati to the nutritious Lokwan, we’ll explore each variety’s unique characteristics and Wheat Export from India in the international market. So whether you’re a wheat trader or just curious about agricultural exports from India, read on for an informative guide on Indian wheat varieties.

Introduction to Wheat Export from India

India is the world’s second largest producer of wheat and the grain is an important part of the country’s diet. Wheat exports from India have grown in recent years, as the government has liberalized trade policies and encouraged private sector involvement.

There are a number of Indian wheat varieties that are suitable for Wheat Export from India, including Sharbati, Desi, Sonalika, and HD-2967. Each variety has its own unique characteristics that make it suited for different applications.

Sharabati: This variety is characterized by its long, slender grains and high protein content. It is commonly used in bread making.

Desi: This variety is known for its reddish color and strong flavor. It is commonly used in rotis (flatbread) and other traditional Indian dishes.

Sonalika: This variety is characterized by its large grains and yellow color. It is commonly used in noodles and pasta dishes.

HD-2967: This variety is characterized by its short grains and dark color. It is commonly used in biscuits and crackers.

Types of Indian Wheat Varieties in Detail

India is a diverse country with a wide range of Indian wheat varieties cultivated across different regions. Here are some of the prominent Indian wheat varieties, along with their characteristics and uses:

1.      Sharbati Wheat:

Sharbati wheat is a popular variety of durum wheat grown primarily in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan in India. It is known for its long and slender grains with a golden hue. Sharbati wheat has a high protein content and is rich in dietary fiber. It is commonly used to make a variety of Indian breads like roti, paratha, and puri. Sharbati wheat flour is also used to prepare traditional Indian sweets like halwa and ladoo.

2.      Desi Wheat:

Desi wheat, also known as Indian wheat or common wheat, is the most widely grown types of wheat in India. It is a hard wheat variety with a medium protein content. Desi wheat grains are reddish-brown in color and have a hard texture. This variety is used to make chapatis (Indian flatbread), atta (whole wheat flour), and other wheat-based products. Desi wheat is known for its nutritional value and is often preferred for its taste and texture.

wheat export from india

3.      Sonalika Wheat:

Sonalika wheat is a high-yielding variety developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). It is a semi-dwarf wheat variety that has played a significant role in increasing wheat production in India. Sonalika wheat is known for its adaptability to different agro-climatic conditions and its resistance to various wheat diseases. It has medium-sized grains and is suitable for making chapatis, bread, and other wheat-based products.

4.      HD-2967 Wheat:

HD-2967 is a high-yielding wheat variety developed by the Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR) in India. It is a semi-dwarf wheat variety that has gained popularity among Indian farmers due to its superior yield potential and resistance to diseases like rust. HD-2967 has good milling and baking qualities, making it suitable for both atta production and bread making.

These are some of the prominent Indian wheat varieties, each with its own characteristics and uses. The choice of wheat variety depends on factors such as regional suitability, agronomic practices, and end-user preferences.

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Wheat Price in India and Largest Exporter of Wheat from India

The wheat price in India has been on the rise in recent months, due to a number of factors, including the war in Ukraine, which has disrupted global wheat supplies. As of March 2023, the average wheat price in India was around ₹2,400 per quintal (100 kg).

The largest exporter of wheat from India is Bangladesh, followed by Indonesia, Nepal, and the United Arab Emirates. In the 2021-22 marketing year, India exported a record 7.85 million tonnes of wheat.

Here is a table of the top 5 exporters of wheat from India in 2021-22:

CountryQuantity (tonnes)
Bangladesh2.72 million
Indonesia1.82 million
Nepal1.32 million
United Arab Emirates1.25 million

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Benefits of Wheat Export from India

Wheat Export from India can bring several benefits to the country’s economy. Here are some key benefits of Wheat Export from India:

Economic Growth: Wheat exports can contribute to the overall economic growth of India. Exporting wheat generates revenue for the country, leading to increased foreign exchange earnings. This revenue can be used to invest in infrastructure development, education, healthcare, and other sectors, stimulating economic growth and creating employment opportunities.

Market Diversification: Exporting wheat allows India to diversify its markets and reduce dependency on domestic consumption alone. By accessing international markets, Indian wheat producers can tap into new consumer bases and reduce their vulnerability to domestic market fluctuations. This helps in spreading the risk and stabilizing the income of farmers.

Utilization of Surplus Production: India is one of the largest producers of wheat globally. Exporting wheat enables the country to utilize its surplus production effectively. Instead of facing issues related to oversupply and depressed domestic prices, exporting the excess wheat ensures better price realization for farmers and prevents wastage of agricultural resources.

Foreign Exchange Earnings: Wheat exports contribute to earning foreign exchange for India. The revenue generated from exports helps in maintaining a favorable balance of trade and strengthens the country’s foreign reserves. Foreign exchange earnings can be used for various developmental projects, import of essential goods, and meeting external obligations.

International Reputation: Exporting high-quality wheat enhances India’s reputation as a reliable supplier in the global market. Building a positive image as a consistent exporter of quality wheat can attract more international buyers and open up opportunities for trade partnerships and long-term contracts.

Agricultural Sector Development: wheat export from India can drive the growth and development of the agricultural sector in India. Increased demand for wheat production for exports can lead to advancements in farming practices, technology adoption, infrastructure development, and overall improvement in agricultural productivity.


It’s important to note that the success of wheat export from India depends on factors such as global market conditions, trade policies, quality control, and competition. Monitoring market trends, ensuring consistent quality, and maintaining a balance between domestic consumption and export quantities are essential for maximizing the benefits. Overall, with its diverse Indian wheat varieties, India has the potential to contribute significantly to the global wheat market and strengthen its position as an agricultural powerhouse. Contact IMPEXPERTS today to start Wheat Export From India.

Vaibhav Sharma

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